ACLS Made Easy
- Time is critical in cardiac emergencies; act promptly to save lives.
- Ensure the safety of the scene and prevent injury.
- Focus on early CPR and quick defibrillation in BLS.
- Oropharyngeal airways should not be used with conscious patients.
- Properly position the mask during CPR.
- IV or IO routes are preferred for drug delivery; ET route is discouraged.
- Minimize interruptions during CPR after delivering a shock.
- Targeted temperature management is used after the return of spontaneous circulation.
- Confirm asystole twice in two separate leads.
- Immediate defibrillate ventricular fibrillation and pulseless ventricular tachycardia.
- Treat reversible causes of cardiac arrest including the 5 H and 5 T.
- Capnography is a valuable tool in resuscitation. Aim for EtCO2 of at least 10 mm Hg and ideally above 20 mm Hg.