First 10 Steps in Cardiac Arrest: In the event of an Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA), the first 10 steps to be followed are:
1. Assess the scene for safety: Ensure that you and the victim are not in any immediate danger before proceeding.
2. Check for responsiveness: Tap the person's shoulder and shout loudly to see if they respond.
3. Call for help: Dial emergency services immediately or ask someone nearby to call for help while you continue with the assessment.
4. Check for breathing: Look, listen, and feel for any signs of normal breathing. If the person is not breathing or only gasping, proceed to the next step.
5. Begin chest compressions: Perform high-quality CPR by pressing hard and fast in the center of the chest. Aim for a rate of about 100-120 compressions per minute.
6. Use an automated external defibrillator (AED) if available: If an AED is nearby, turn it on and follow the voice prompts.
7. Continue CPR until help arrives: Maintain the cycle of compressions and, if possible, have someone switch with you to prevent fatigue.
8. Follow the instructions from emergency services: Once they arrive, listen and follow their guidance.
9. Assist with AED setup: If you haven't already, help the emergency responders with the AED placement and setup.
10. Provide additional information: If you witnessed the collapse or have any relevant information about the person's medical history, share it with the emergency responders.
In summary, quick and effective action can significantly improve the chances of survival for someone experiencing cardiac arrest. Always seek professional training in CPR and first aid to be better prepared for emergencies.